Business Justification In The Construction Industry

architect, people, plan

The business justification stage is the first stage of a construction project. It takes place once a business need has been identified which might result in a building project. The stage involves assessing whether there is justification for the project, preparing a preliminary business case and creating an organizational structure for the project. The business justification stage takes place before the selection of the consultant team, so the client may wish to appoint independent client advisers to help them.

In this work plan we suggest the construction manager is appointed on completion of concept design. Earlier or later appointment will result in some activities being re-allocated between the consultant team and the construction manager (for example the role of cost consultant).


The client identifies a business need which might result in a building project and appoints a preliminary internal team to assess whether there is justification for the project.

The client prepares a statement of need, which is a first attempt to describe the possible requirements of the project. This may or may not result in the need for a project, and even if a project is necessary, it may not require a new building.


Very experienced clients may have in-house expertise allowing them to make appointments, and to prepare a preliminary business case and strategic brief. However, many clients will not have the full range of skills required and may wish to appoint independent client advisers to assist them. These advisers are separate from the consultant team which will undertake the actual design of the project.

The client explores high level options for meeting the requirements set out in the statement of need. This may include an assessment of comparable projects. They then prepare a preliminary business case, which is a first attempt to justify the investment required by the potential project and should include a management structure, draft legal agreements and funding options.

The client assesses the preliminary business case and decides whether it merits investigating in more detail and whether procedures should be established for appointing a consultant team.


The organizational structure for the project should have been defined and approved in the client’s preliminary business case and may include:

A project board to advise the project director on technical and user matters. A project sponsor responsible for day to day liaisons with the consultant team and independent client advisers.

Champions (perhaps heads of departments) to take responsibility for the quality of the project. User panels to bring experience to briefing and design workshops. Project stakeholders to be consulted during the early stages of the project.


The client develops the statement of need into an initial strategic brief which provides sufficient information about the project to allow the appointment of a consultant team who will carry out feasibility studies and options appraisals, prepare a project brief and design the development.

The initial strategic brief may include the identification of potential sites for the development. It should be noted that for particularly large projects, an environmental impact assessment may be required by the local planning authority and that this may include an assessment of alternative sites for the development. It is important to consider this when assessing potential sites. Identifying possible sites, and considering their impacts (such as the possibility of moving staff) can be a complicated process and may require the appointment of independent client advisers (such as surveyors).

The client undertakes risk assessment and value management exercises, sets an initial budget for the project and considers funding options for the project. They may then revise the preliminary business case and strategic brief.

Assessing whether there is sufficient justification to progress to the next stage. The client considers the preliminary business case and strategic brief and decides whether to proceed to the next stage where the consultant team will be appointed, feasibility studies undertaken, and options assessments carried out.

Share This Post

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp
Share on google
Share on email
Share on print

More Posts To Read